Journal of Peace and War Studies (JPWS)

The Journal of Peace and War Studies (JPWS) is an annual peer-reviewed journal published by the John and Mary Frances Patton Peace & War Center at Norwich University. JPWS aims to promote and disseminate high quality research on peace and war throughout the international academic community. It also aims to provide policy makers in the United States and many other countries with in-depth analyses of contemporary issues and policy alternatives.

The Norwich University John and Mary Frances Patton Peace & War Center is delighted to publish the third edition of the Journal of Peace and War Studies (JPWS), which addresses the theme of “Preparing Military Leaders to Effectively Resolve 21st Century Security Challenges.”

In this special edition, authors provide unique insights regarding how to educate future military leaders facing a variety of security challenges derived from growing great power competition, climate change, pandemics, rapid social and cultural changes, cutting-edge technological advancement such as virtual reality and artificial intelligence, and so on.  

This special issue was the outcome of the seventh International Symposium of Military Academies (ISOMA), held at Norwich University from October 4-8, 2021. For this international conference, military officers and scholars from more than 15 countries submitted 44 papers, and all those papers underwent careful peer review. As a result, 17 articles were selected for publication.

I want to give special thanks to two guest editors, Dr. David Ulbrich and Dr. Travis Morris, for helping recruit more than 100 peer reviewers all around the world. Much gratitude also goes to our peer reviewers for the hours they dedicated to this effort, and for their perceptive comments and suggestions. In addition, thanks very much for assistant editor Vina Hutchinson’s thorough copy edits and director of Norwich creative services, Joseph Yglesias, for a great journal design.

We hope you find the contents of the 2021 special issue regarding military education insightful, and we look forward to your thoughts and feedback. Thank you.

Yangmo Ku
Associate Director, Peace & War Center
Editor, Journal of Peace and War Studies
Associate Professor, Political Science
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Table of Contents

THEME: Preparing Military Leaders to Effectively Resolve 21st Century Security Challenges

Introduction to the Extended Reality-based LVCG Military Training System for Small Units at Korea Military Academy
Kyuyong Shin, Hochan Lee, and Junhyuk Oh

Educating 21st Century Thinkers: A Case for Renewed Emphasis on Liberal Arts and Humanities in Officer Education
Jamie McGrath

An Approach for a Character Development Strategy for the Center for University Studies
Lirim Bllaca, Alisa Ramadani, Ali Haxhimustafa, and Premtim Shaqiri

Leadership Undefined: The Paradoxes of Future Military Leadership
Martijn W. van Eetveldt, Richard G. Oppelaar, and Peter Olsthoorn

Catalysts and Accelerants: Untangling the Linkages between Climate Change and Mass Atrocities
John Riley and Will Atkins

New Leadership Approaches for Climate Change and Environmental Security
William F. Lyons Jr., Tara Kulkarni, and Mallory Dutil

Navigating Through a VUCA World by Using an Educational Compass
C. J. M. Annink and N. N. M. van Mook

We Need to Rethink Reality: The War Nexus and Complexity
André Simonyi

Authority and Military Command: Reflection on the Challenges Military Academies Face in Today’s Profound Social and Cultural Changes
Danic Parenteau

New Directions in Intelligence Education
Robert J. VandenBerg, Mark W. Perry, and Aleia F. Manning

Reappraisal of the Korean Military’s Core Competences in the Age of the Phono Sapiens
Dong-ha Seo and Jung-yoon Chang

Squaring the Circle: The Evolution of NATO’s Strategic Communication Since the 1990s
Linda Risso

Intercultural Competence Training at a US Service Academy: Pilot Study
Kelly Lemmons

Studies on Leadership: Research, Development, and Practice, Based on Evidence at Agulhas Negras Brazilian Military Academy
Atílio Sozzi Nogueira, George Hamilton de Souza Pinto, and Marcos Aguiar de Souza

Increase of Officer Cadets’ Competences by Internationalization
Harald Gell

Converting COVID-19 Disruption into Joint Military Education and Training: The Australian Defence Force Academy’s Military Education and Training in the Pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19 Environments
Peter James Leavy, Shevahn Telfser, and Jeffrey Howard

Crafting Diverse, Inclusive and Decolonized Military Leaders: Reflections on Decolonizing Professional Military Education
Malte Riemann and Norma Rossi

Copyright © 2021 by the John and Mary Frances Patton Peace and War Center, Norwich University.
Printed by Norwich University Press.
ISSN 2641-841X (Print) • ISSN 2641-8428 (Online)

John and Mary Frances Patton Peace & War Center


Travis Morris
Director, Peace & War Center
Executive Director, Military Writers' Symposium
Associate Professor, Criminal Justice

Associate Director

Yangmo Ku
Associate Director, Peace & War Center
Editor, Journal of Peace and War Studies
Associate Professor, Political Science

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