The Peace and War Summit at Norwich University, America’s oldest private military college and birthplace of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC), examines significant international issues with an eye at recommending viable solutions. The inaugural summit, a two-day event in September 2018, addressed North Korea’s nuclear and missile challenges. In our 2021 summit, we discussed a most pressing issue in the current global community — escalation of the U.S.-China rivalry. Specifically, the 2021 summit highlighted challenges derived from military/security, economic and technological angles.
Because of the pandemic, we offered the 2021 summit virtually. We invite you to view the highlights video, above, as well as recordings of all panel discussions, below.
On the Path to Conflict?
Scrutinizing the U.S.-China Rivalry
March 3 through April 21, 2021
Live webinar and/or prerecording.
We invite you to view all our recorded sessions, below.
Mark C. Anarumo, PhD | Colonel, USAF (Ret)
Wednesday, March 3, 2021
Keynote: CHARLES W. HOOPER, LIEUTENANT GENERAL IN THE U.S. ARMY (RET.)
Lieutenant General Charles Hooper, USA (Ret.), delivers his keynote address for the Peace and War Summit at Norwich University. The 2021 summit discusses a most pressing issue in the current global community—escalation of the U.S.-China rivalry—and highlights the challenges from military/security, economic, and technological angles.
Wednesday, March 10, 2021
10-11 a.m.: Session I
CHINA-RUSSIA MILITARY COOPERATION AND U.S.-CHINA RIVALRY
In the light of growing tensions in the Asia-Pacific, the recently enhanced military cooperation between China and Russia has set new parameters for U.S. strategic planning and alliance-building in the region. This presentation examines the current stage of strategic partnership between Beijing and Moscow in the sphere of defense and security and lays out some options for the Biden administration to address potential shifts in regional balance of military power.
1-2 p.m.: Session II
CHINA’S BRI AND U.S.-CHINA RIVALRY
Policy discourses on the U.S-China rivalry have focused on the two countries’ power transition, competing institutions, and separate coexistence. Such “bipolar” perspectives fail to capture complex interactions in the TPP, BRI, and FOIP, shaped by policy networks in the rival powers and third-world countries.
Wednesday, March 17, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session III
CHINESE MILITARY STRATEGY TOWARDS TAIWAN
Deterring Taiwan’s independence and preparing to confront Taiwan by force, if necessary, are among the primary missions of China’s People’s Liberation Army. As the military balance across the Taiwan Strait changes due to Chinese military modernization, the threats posed to the island are evolving. This talk will explain how cross-Strait missions fit within the larger context of China’s military strategy, detail the PLA’s approaches and capabilities towards Taiwan, and discuss ramifications for Taiwanese and U.S. defense policy.
Wednesday, March 24, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session IV
U.S.-CHINA MARITIME DISPUTES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
For more than a decade, China has used legal claims and low-level provocations, seizing, and building artificial militarized islands in the South China Sea. The U.S., though not a claimant, has similarly used international law and conducted dozens of freedom of navigation operations and military exercises in the disputed waters. In this presentation, we explain how both countries have used international law regarding the South China Sea disputes as opportunities to justify their respective military presence in the region.
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session V
ISRAEL AND U.S.-CHINA STRATEGIC RIVALRY
The U.S.-China strategic rivalry not only affects relations between the two powers themselves but also has huge impact on other countries. U.S. allies and partners that enjoy close relations with both powers such as Israel increasingly face the dilemma of balancing their traditional security alliances with the United States and their growing economic ties to China. It’s imperative that all parties involved handle the U.S.-China power transition prudently.
Wednesday, April 7, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session VI
U.S.-CHINA ECONOMIC COMPETITION
Despite continued deep economic engagement between the two great powers, the United States, under the Trump administration, primarily framed economic relations with China as competitive. The Trump administration increasingly linked economic issues to national security threats and broader political disagreements. This talk will explore how the United States’ approach to economic competition with China changed during the Trump administration and the possible future trajectories of economic relationship under the new Biden administration.
3-4 p.m.: Student Debate
HOW SHOULD THE U.S. DEAL WITH CHINA?
Moderator: Miri Kim, Norwich University
Presenter: Zachary Jenkins, Communications
Presenter: Nicole Navarro, Political Science
Presenter: Faith Privett, History
Presenter: Larenz Simpkins, Political Science
Wednesday, April 14, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session VII
BRINGING THE SINO-U.S. TECHNOLOGY RACE BACK DOWN TO EARTH
In recent years, the narrative of a Sino-American race to be the first to harness game-changing technologies to gain national advantage has permeated scholarly and defense community conversations. National plans for "domination" in areas like machine learning and artificial intelligence, robotics, space exploration, new cellular communication architectures and quantum computing all feed the idea that these technology races are arms races. In reality, development in many new areas is reliant on Sino-American interdependencies whilst in others is as risky for first-movers as for stragglers.
3-4 p.m.: Session VIII
DOMESTIC SOURCES OF U.S.-CHINA TECHNOLOGY-SECURITY COMPETITION
At the center of the intensifying U.S.-China power competition stands the sprawling technology-security ecosystems of both countries. This presentation compares the nature and drivers of the U.S. and Chinese technology-security states to offer insights as to what lies ahead and what kinds of outcomes can be expected in this long-term endurance race.
Wednesday, April 21, 2021
1-2 p.m.: Session IX
China is one of The United States’ top nation-state adversaries in cyberspace. However, both China and Cyberspace present unique challenges for the United States to address. This talk will cover the evolution of Chinese cyber threats and policy responses, a discussion of recent significant cyber incidents attributed to China, and some programs underway to counter and defend against cyber threats associated with technology supply chain compromises.
3-4 p.m.: Session X
CHINESE INTERFERENCE IN DEMOCRACIES
Since 2017, China has been stepping up disruptive and malicious informational attacks on Western and democratic countries in efforts to influence domestic politics and advance Chinese interests. How can these attacks be categorized and understood? How can democracies frame their objectives, and, ultimately, become more resilient to their influence?
Keep the conversations flowing. Join The Norwich University Peace & War Center on Facebook.